Exercise: Clauses

An independent clause (or main clause) is a clause that can stand by itself as a simple sentence. An independent clause contains a subject and a predicate and makes sense by itself.

A dependent clause (or subordinate clause) is a clause that cannot stand by itself as a sentence. To stand, it has to depend on the independent clause.

Identify the Independent Clause and the Dependent Clause in each sentence:

1. Although it was cold, Juliet did not wear the overcoat.
2. She goes shopping whenever she feels depressed.
3. After the hurricane, the victims moved to a refugee camp.
4. Peter saw a squirrel eating nuts, while he was playing in the park.
5. When you complete the test, please submit your answer sheets.
6. After Susan saw the film, she went for a walk.
7. Since she had to pass the exam, Jennifer studied all day.
8. Robert decided to leave Paris, before he travelled to Spain.
9. Students must pass the diploma program, as an entry requirement, for the degree course.
10. I listen to classical music, almost everyday, because I enjoy it.

ANSWERS

1. Although it was cold, Juliet did not wear the overcoat.
Independent clause: Juliet did not wear the overcoat.
Dependent clause: Although it was cold (Although is a subordinating conjunction)

2. She goes shopping whenever she feels depressed.
Independent clause: She goes shopping.
Dependent clause: whenever she feels depressed. (whenever is a subordinating conjunction. Subordinating conjunctions that show a transition of place or time are once, while, when, whenever, where, wherever, before, and after.)

3. After the hurricane, the victims moved to a refugee camp.
Independent clause: the victims moved to a refugee camp.
Dependent clause: There is no dependent clause. “After the hurricane” is only a prepositional phrase.

4. Peter saw a squirrel eating nuts, while he was playing in the park.
Independent clause: Peter saw a squirrel eating nuts.
Dependent clause: while he was playing in the park. (while is a subordinating conjunction.)

5. When you complete the test, please submit your answer sheets.
Independent clause: please submit your answer sheets.
Dependent clause: When you complete the test. (when is a subordinating conjunction)

6. After Susan saw the film, she went for a walk.
Independent clause: she went for a walk.
Dependent clause: After Susan saw the film (After is a subordinating conjunction)

7. Since she had to pass the exam, Jennifer studied all day.
Independent clause: Jennifer studied all day.
Dependent clause: Since she had to pass the exam (Since is a subordinating conjunction)

8. Robert decided to leave Paris, before he travelled to Spain.
Independent clause: Robert decide to leave Paris.
Dependent clause: before he travelled to Spain (before is a subordinating conjunction)

9. Students must pass the diploma program, as an entry requirement, for the degree course.
Independent clause: The entire sentence is an independent clause.
Dependent clause: There is no dependent clause. “for the degree course” is only a phrase.
Appositive: as an entry requirement

10. I listen to classical music, almost everyday, because I enjoy it.
Independent clause: I listen to classical music
Dependent clause: because I enjoy it
Appositive: almost everyday

 


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