Exercise: Complex Sentence

A complex sentence is made up of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses connected to it by a subordinating conjunction.

Subordinating Conjunctions

after
although
as
as if
as though
because
before
even though
except that
if
in case
in that
now that
once
since
so
so that
than
that
though
unless
until
when
whenever
where
whereas
whether
which
while
who/whom

Subordinating Conjunctions/Conjunctive Adverbs/Transitional Adverbs

These are generally placed between a semicolon and a comma, unless they form the first word of a sentence.

consequently (as a consequence or as an effect of something)
furthermore
however
moreover
nevertheless
nonetheless
subsequently (following something or after something)
therefore

When making sentences with subordinates, many possibilities are present, for example:

A. I need money. I am going to the bank.

– I need money; therefore, I am going to the bank.
– I need money; hence, I am going to the bank.
– I need money; thus, I am going to the bank.
Because I need money, I am going to the bank.
Since I need money, I am going to the bank.
As I need money, I am going to the bank.

B. I made dinner. I reached home.

– I made dinner after I reached home.
– I made dinner when I reached home.
– I made dinner as soon as I reached home.

C. He values money. He will not become rich.

Unless he values money, he will not become rich.
– He values money; nonetheless/ nevertheless/ however, he will not become rich.

Make the following simple sentences into complex sentences using subordinating conjunctions. Write as many possible answers as you can.

1. Cindy was very busy. She finished her assignments.
2. Martha needs to exercise. She has joined a gym.
3. Peter went to school. He checked his homework.
4. He does not do his work. He will lose his job.
5. John is an honest man. Jack trusts John.
6. Yvonne sings beautifully. She is only six years old.
7. The sound was far too loud. I enjoyed the concert.
8. This is an important meeting. Alexander is working overtime.
9. The motorbike was expensive. Richard bought the motorbike.
10. Hand in hand, we merrily walked in the rain. It was raining cats and dogs.

 


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