Coordinating Conjunctions

Conjunctions are used to connect words, phrases or clauses. They are also called as linking words or joiner words. The main types of conjunctions are Coordinating Conjunctions, Subordinating Conjunctions and Correlative Conjunctions.

Coordinating Conjunctions

These conjunctions are: for, and, nor/not, but, or, yet, and so. An easy way to remember them is to use the acronym: FANBOYS.

Coordinating Conjunctions

An easy way to recollect is to remember the acronym FANBOYS.

F=for
A=and
N=nor/not
B=but
O=or
Y=yet
S=so

NOTE: Generally, a comma is placed prior to a coordinating conjunction.

1. Coordinating conjunctions joins equals: word to word, phrase to phrase, clause to clause.

word to word: Children like fun and frolic.
phrase to phrase: They are camping by the lakeside or at the beach.
clause to clause: What you do and what you say are always different.

2. Coordinating conjunctions are used in between and not at the beginning or at the end.

Correct: He likes milk, but he does not like tea.
Incorrect: But he does not like tea, he likes milk.

3. Coordinating conjunctions form looser bindings than other conjunctions.

– He submitted his assignment late, and he obtained a poor grade. (very loose)
– He submitted his assignment late, so he obtained a poor grade. (loose)
– Since he submitted his assignment late, he obtained a poor grade. (tight) (uses ‘since’, which is a subordinate conjunction)
– He submitted his assignment late; therefore, he obtained a poor grade. (very tight, uses ‘therefore’, which is a subordinate conjunction/conjunctive adverb)

Punctuation of Coordinating Conjunctions

1.When joining two words/ phrases/ clauses: No comma

words:  fun and frolic.
phrases: by the lakeside or at the beach.
clauses: What you do and what you say

2. When joining three words/ phrases/ clauses: Place commas between the elements

words: milk, tea, and coffee.
phrases: at the beach, by the ocean, or in the mountains
clauses: what you do, what you say, and what you think

3. When joining two independent clauses; thereby, creating a compound sentence: Place comma prior to the coordinating conjunction.

– He was lethargic, so he failed in his exam.
– Jack drank the milk, but Jill drank the lemonade.

Test your understanding

Do an exercise on Coordinating Conjunctions by clicking here.


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