Rishi Markand had a son named Markendeya. Rishi Markand noted that his son Markendeya had a short span of life. So he told Markendeya to pray to Lord Shiva with the Mahamrityunjay Mantra. With intense devotion, Markendya prayed by reciting the mantra all day, every day. With the grace of Lord Shiva his life span increased. With the blessings of Lord Shiva, he also became a Rishi. Later, Rishi Markendeya wrote the ”Markendeya Puran”.
Mantras are sound formulas for certain effects. They may have some meaning or may have only sound without any known meaning. It is a practice to end the formula from where it started; thereby, the flow of nadi energy in the body is joined with its originating nadi and the flow is not frittered away. All mantras begin with Aum. They may end with Aum, or Samarpayami. However, some follow this practice, some don’t. The following is the full mantra.
ॐ हौम् ॐ जूम् सः बूर्भुवस्सुवह
त्र्यम्बकं यजामहे सुगन्धिं पुष्टिवर्धनम् ।
उर्वारुकमिव बन्धनात् मृत्योर्मुक्षीय मामृतात् ।।
बूर्भुवस्सुवरों जूम् सः हौम् ॐ
Usually, the more popular version is as follows:
ॐ त्र्यम्बकं यजामहे सुगन्धिं पुष्टिवर्धनम् |
उर्वारुकमिव बन्धनान् मृत्योर्मुक्षी यमामृतात् ||
Aum Tryambakam Yajamahe Sugandhim Pushtivardhanam |
Urvarukamiva Bandhanaan Mrityormukshi Yamamritaat ||
21 Brahmins chanting:
Anuradha Paudwal, Others: