Aftab-E-Mausiqui Ustad Faiyaz Khan Saheb

Ustad Faiyaz Khan popularly called “Aftab-e-Mousiqui”, was “the ultimate flowering of the genius of the Agra or Rangila Gharana.” He summed up in himself the finest traditions of his gharana and was its greatest exponent in recent times. He belonged passionately to his age, “and yet, he belonged to an infinitely more glorious past of our music and its traditions”. Born at Sikandara near Agra in 1886 (contested as 1888, 1889), he was the son of Shabr Hussain, who died three months before his birth. He was brought up by his maternal grandfather, Ghulam Abbas, who taught him music, up to the age of 25. Faiyaz Khan’s musical lineage goes back to Tansen himself. His family is traced back to Alakhdas, Malukdas and then to Haji Sujan Khan (son of Alakhdas who became a Muslim.) Genius, musical ancestry, and training combined to give us this wonderful artist-one of the most reputed and respected exponents of Hindustani classical music in recent times. He served for a long time as the court musician of Baroda, where he was awarded the “Gyan Ratna”; the Maharaja of Mysore awarded him the title “Aftab-e-Mousiqui.” Faiyaz Khan’s specialities were dhrupad and khayal, but he was also capable of singing thumri and ghazal. By the time he died (on 5 November 1950 at Baroda), he had earned the reputation of being one of the most influential vocalists of that century.


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